Ballista bolts, brooches and pots: early Roman military activity at Lincoln

In a post last month, I wrote about the fascinating discovery of a pair of important new late Roman burials on the hillside just east of Roman Lincoln’s lower enclosure. In that post I briefly mentioned some of the early Roman evidence uncovered during that excavation and said I’d come back to it later. Well, folks, that time is now! Continue reading


Lime kilns at Lincoln’s eastern bypass excavations

The latest ‘Find of the Week’ article by Network Archaeology in the Lincolnshire Echo, highlighting elements of their work as part of the construction of Lincoln’s new eastern bypass, takes to the air to provide a wonderful drone view of a pair of Roman lime kilns from the Washingborough excavation site. Continue reading

A little bit of sole: some Roman shoes from Lincoln’s waterfront

I had the opportunity recently to assess the condition of some of the Roman shoes excavated at Lincoln’s Roman waterfront in the late 1980s. The excavations, which I’ve mentioned before in this post about an enigmatic wooden paddle, have provided some of the best organic survival in the city, but have never been fully published and sadly remain less known than they should be. Continue reading

A gold ring with possible Christian symbolism from a Roman trader’s house

One of the joys of museum stores is that you never know what might be inside the next box you open. Could it be an incredibly rare and beautiful preserved work of art? Could it be environmental samples? Thankfully, the box I opened earlier today brought me face to face with a fascinating object that I wasn’t aware of, but would like to share with you here. Continue reading

The mystery of the pierced oyster shells

Often the most fascinating archaeological finds aren’t those made of gold or silver, or the thousands of piled coins from a massive hoard, but the simpler items made of basic materials which relate to more everyday activities. While searching through some excavation archives the other day I came across some oyster shells. These are common finds on Roman sites across Britain and wouldn’t normally make me look twice, but these were perforated with regular holes, causing me to consider to what use these remnants of someone’s seafood dinner might have been put. Continue reading

Pursuing the Pomerium: The Ritual and Reality of the Sacred Boundary of Lindum Colonia

This post reproduces a paper of mine published in Volume 49 of the Lincolnshire History  and Archaeology Journal, exploring the ancient archaeological and literary evidence for the existence of sacred boundaries (pomeria) surrounding Roman towns and the possibility of such a boundary being perceived by the citizens of Roman Lincoln. Continue reading

Brooches, buckles and fabric: Two significant new late Roman burials from Lincoln

Excavations at the site of the University Technical College in Lincoln in 2014 by Lincolnshire archaeologists Allen Archaeology uncovered two fascinating and important late Roman burials, the report on which I have just seen and would like to share the details of here. Continue reading