Carausius and his brother deities? A unique coin from Lincolnshire

In this post I want to examine a unique find from Lincolnshire – a coin minted by the usurper emperor Carausius featuring an unusual amalgamation of the Olympian gods Jupiter and Neptune. Continue reading


A little bit of sole: some Roman shoes from Lincoln’s waterfront

I had the opportunity recently to assess the condition of some of the Roman shoes excavated at Lincoln’s Roman waterfront in the late 1980s. The excavations, which I’ve mentioned before in this post about an enigmatic wooden paddle, have provided some of the best organic survival in the city, but have never been fully published and sadly remain less known than they should be. Continue reading

A gold ring with possible Christian symbolism from a Roman trader’s house

One of the joys of museum stores is that you never know what might be inside the next box you open. Could it be an incredibly rare and beautiful preserved work of art? Could it be environmental samples? Thankfully, the box I opened earlier today brought me face to face with a fascinating object that I wasn’t aware of, but would like to share with you here. Continue reading

The mystery of the pierced oyster shells

Often the most fascinating archaeological finds aren’t those made of gold or silver, or the thousands of piled coins from a massive hoard, but the simpler items made of basic materials which relate to more everyday activities. While searching through some excavation archives the other day I came across some oyster shells. These are common finds on Roman sites across Britain and wouldn’t normally make me look twice, but these were perforated with regular holes, causing me to consider to what use these remnants of someone’s seafood dinner might have been put. Continue reading

Brooches, buckles and fabric: Two significant new late Roman burials from Lincoln

Excavations at the site of the University Technical College in Lincoln in 2014 by Lincolnshire archaeologists Allen Archaeology uncovered two fascinating and important late Roman burials, the report on which I have just seen and would like to share the details of here. Continue reading

The Wilsford hunter god

Although the most famous gods and goddesses of the Roman world are those of the classical pantheon – Jupiter, Minerva, Mercury and such, the average person in Roman Lincolnshire probably called on a host of local deities for help when needed just as much, if not more, than these famous international gods. Although we do of course have evidence for the worship of imported classical gods in Lincolnshire, we have an equal amount of evidence to suggest that localised deities of specific places played just as important a role in the spiritual landscape of the county. Continue reading